Endodontics (Root Canal Treatment)
Root canal treatment is used when death or infection of the nerve of the tooth, which can be caused by decay or trauma, is present. Luckily, the nerve can be removed without extracting the whole tooth. Usually in one appointment, the nerve of the tooth is removed and a filling is placed. To complete the treatment, it is recommended to restore the tooth with a crown, as without the nerve present, it will become very brittle and susceptible to fracture.
Root Canal Treatment
At the center of a tooth is a hollow area that houses soft tissue, known as the pulp or nerve. This hollow area contains a relatively wide space called the pulp chamber. This chamber is connected to the tip of the root via narrow canal(s); hence, the term "root canal". Human teeth normally have one to four canals, with teeth toward the back of the mouth having more. These canals run through the center of the roots like pencil lead through the length of a pencil. Extra canals are regularly found and should be located and filled to ensure a long term successful treatment
Additional services used in Root Canal Treatment
Dental Dam is used mainly in endodontic treatment and when putting fillings into teeth. They are thin squares of latex rubber or silicone.
The main function is to isolate the tooth being treated from its environment, in particular from the bacteria in the oral cavity. The rubber dam is held over individual teeth or groups of teeth by appropriate rubber dam clamps or threads (ligatures) along the edge of the gum. The tooth crown stands out from the rubber dam through individual holes made by a hole punch. This permits a clean and dry operative field, retracts the lips and cheeks, and enables treatment of the appropriate tooth without contamination from blood or saliva. Another function of the rubber dam is to protect the patient's airway from any materials which may fall down there during treatment.